- (1816-1909)Palestinian rabbi, of Polish origin. He was born near Bialystok. He set out for Palestine in 1840, but was delayed in Constantinople, where he met Sir Moses Montefiore. In 1841 he reached Jerusalem, where he became rabbi of the Ashkenazi community. In 1878 he became Ashkenazi chief rabbi. He served various Jewish organizations and travelled widely in Europe to collect money for religious institutions in Jerusalem. A number of his novellae were published in talmudic journals.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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SALANT, SAMUEL — (1816–1909), chief rabbi of jerusalem and one of the foremost 19th century rabbis in Jerusalem. Born near Bialystok (Russia, now Poland), Salant studied at yeshivot in Vilna, Salant, and Volozhin. His second wife was the daughter of joseph sundel … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SALANT, JOSEPH SUNDEL BEN BENJAMIN BENISH — (1786–1866), spiritual father of the musar movement. A pupil of and of R. Akiva Eger , he lived in Salant in Lithuania. Despite his great learning, he refused to accept a position as rabbi and barely earned a living as a small merchant, working… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Samuel Mohilever — (1824–1898), also Shmuel Mohilever, was a rabbi, pioneer of Religious Zionism and one of the founders of the Hovevei Zion movement. Mohilever was born in Głębokie (now Hlybokaye, Belarus) and studied in the Volozhin yeshiva. After the pogroms… … Wikipedia
SAMUEL BEN JACOB OF KELMY — (1797–1867), rabbi. Samuel came from Neustadt (district of Kovno) and lived in Kelmy (Lithuania). In 1858 he immigrated to Ereẓ Israel, associating in Jerusalem with meir auerbach of Kalisch and sundel salant . In 1860 he went back to Europe but… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Halukka — The halukka (Hebrew: החלוקה) was an organized distribution and collection of funds for the residents of the Yishuv haYashan in the Holy Land; which were organized into Kolelim. Sympathizing Jews in the diaspora formed a standing committee,… … Wikipedia
Chief Rabbi — Chief Rabbinate redirects here. See also Chief Rabbinate of Israel. Chief Rabbi is a title given in several countries to the recognized religious leader of that country s Jewish community, or to a rabbinic leader appointed by the local secular… … Wikipedia
RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
FRANK, ẒEVI PESAḤ — (1873–1960), chief rabbi of Jerusalem and halakhic authority. Frank was born in Kovno, Lithuania. His father, Judah Leib, was one of the leaders of the Ḥaderah society in Kovno which founded the village of Ḥaderah in Ereẓ Israel. Frank studied… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALIYAH AND ABSORPTION — GENERAL SURVEY Introduction Aliyah, ascension or going up, is the coming of Jews as individuals or in groups, from exile or diaspora to live in the Land of Israel. Those who go up for this purpose are known as olim – a term used in the Bible for… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two … Encyclopedia of Judaism